Predictable Factors in Sedative Music (PFSM): A tool to identify sedative music for receptive music therapy

Predictable Factors in Sedative Music (PFSM): A tool to identify sedative music for receptive music therapy

Abstract

This article introduces a tool developed to help clinicians and researchers choose appropriate sedative music for receptive music therapy when individuals attending treatment or participating in research cannot select their preferred stimulus. It outlines the three steps involved in developing the tool--finding out what has been already devised to categorise sedative music, choosing a suitable starting point for a new system, and using that starting point to draw up the new tool (Predictable Factors in Sedative Music (PFSM)). The PFSM quantifies sedative music by categorising six different musical factors as either predictable or unpredictable (one factor (melody) has five subsections). Finally, this article presents a study carried out to validate the PFSM. Twenty-five music therapists submitted sedative and stimulative music selections for blind PFSM evaluations. Although some discrepancies in scoring stimulative selections suggested that a separate tool was needed to identify stimulating music, the PFSM performed reliably scoring the participants' sedative selections and the study confirmed the intrinsic validity of the PFSM. The discussion suggests that the PFSM can ensure more effective music therapy practice not only by helping music therapists identify a sedative stimulus for receptive music therapy but also by helping music therapists who use improvisation to develop an understanding of how to manipulate separate musical factors.

 

Keywords: Receptive music, sedative music, stimulus selection


Citation

Hooper, J. (2012). Predictable Factors in Sedative Music (PFSM): A tool to identify sedative music for receptive music therapy. Australian Journal of Music Therapy, 23, 59-72.


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Date published: July 2012